Wrinkles make you look old and tired, but they are an inevitable part of getting older. The process of aging triggers many biological changes in the human body, which may not always be pleasant. Besides the fact that internal changes put you at a higher risk of developing certain diseases, some visible changes like white hair, sagging skin and wrinkles are especially dreadful.
The Main Causes of Wrinkles
Wrinkles are defined as indents, creases, and folds on the skin that appear due to various internal as well as external factors.
As we age, our skin loses collagen and elastin – proteins that give skin its elasticity and firmness. Loss of these fibrous proteins cause the skin to become less flexible, dry and even weaker. When the skin becomes less flexible, wrinkles start to develop. However, many other factors, such as sun exposure, smoking and chronic stress have been linked to the premature development of fine lines and wrinkles and creases in the skin.
That brings us to another very important factor known for wrinkle formations – our facial expressions. These wrinkles are called expression or motion wrinkles.
What are expression wrinkles?
We are emotional beings and express ourselves through a variety of facial expressions. Emotions such as joy, sadness, anger, surprise, disgust, and fear trigger contractions in distinct facial muscles that we see as smiling, grinning, frowning, squinting and scowling.
The expression wrinkles are caused every time you make an expression. The muscles present just beneath the skin surface contract and relax; and this movement forms a groove. When you stop making that expression, the furrow soon disappears. But not as quickly when we start to age. Why?
A young skin has high levels of elastin and collagen fibres – proteins responsible for making the skin more elastic, stretchy, plump, durable and resistant to internal as well as environmental stressors. In addition, the sebaceous glands in the adolescence period efficiently produce enough sebum – waxy, oily substance that moisturizes and protects the epidermis (outer layer of the skin), giving it a smooth texture.
But as we age, the skin loses its ability to spring back to its place after the contraction takes place – leading to the formation of expression lines or wrinkles. The constant movement of the face makes the creases on the surface more prominent as time goes by. The so-called motion wrinkles are most visible on the forehead, between the eyebrows, on the cheeks and on the outer corners of the eyes (crow’s feet).
Expression wrinkles: One huge cosmetic concern
That’s true. Expression wrinkles are the toughest to deal with. Does that mean you should stop laughing or frowning? The power to express ourselves is unique to human beings and to stop making expressions for the fear of looking older is certainly not the way to avoid getting expression wrinkles. Expressions, like laughing and smiling, encourage positive emotions, and make you happier and healthier.
What can you do?
Wrinkles can be bothersome, and several treatments are available to help reduce or even delay the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Options like cosmetic surgeries, Botox treatments and other medical procedures are often associated with adverse side-effects .
More than anything else, adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes eating a balanced diet, drinking plenty of water and staying physically active is a good start to getting a smooth, glowing skin. Avoid sugary and processed foods. Consume a lot of fresh fruits and vegetable as they contain powerful antioxidants that not only flush out toxins from the body but also fight the free radicals and keep your skin looking young and healthy.
Another important way to a smoother-looking skin is to establish a great skincare regimen; and yes, it applies even if your wrinkles are not showing yet. Start with a high quality, nourishing cream that can help you keep these fine lines and expression wrinkles at bay for longer; while giving you a youthful radiance.
Skin Factor by BioTrends contains two powerful peptides Hexapeptide 3 and EGF – that work synergistically to prevent fine lines and wrinkles while boosting collagen production and skin repair.
- Joshua Ian Davis, Ann Senghas, Fredric Brandt, and Kevin N. Ochsner. The Effects of BOTOX® Injections on Emotional Experience. Emotion. 2010 Jun; 10(3): 433–440. doi: 10.1037/a0018690